The latest October update of Lead4Pass SAP-C01 dumps contains 973 exam questions and answers to prepare you for a successful AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional Certification exam.

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Continue reading for the latest updated SAP-C01 exam questions and answers Q13-Q25:

Number of exam dumpsExam nameFromRelease timePDF DownloadPrevious issue
13AWS Certified Solutions Architect – Professional (SAP-C01)Lead4PassOct 18, 2022Amazon SAP-C01 PDF downloadSAP-C01 Exam Questions Q1-Q12
NEW QUESTION 13:

Your company has recently extended its datacenter into a VPC on AWS to add burst computing capacity as needed Members of your Network Operations Center need to be able to go to the AWS Management Console and administer Amazon EC2 instances as necessary. You don\’t want to create new IAM users for each NOC member and make those users sign in again to the AWS Management Console.

Which option below will meet the needs for your NOC members?

A. Use OAuth 2.0 to retrieve temporary AWS security credentials to enable your NOC members to sign in to the AWS Management Console.

B. Use web Identity Federation to retrieve AWS temporary security credentials to enable your NOC members to sign in to the AWS Management Console.

C. Use your on-premises SAML 2.0-compliant identity provider (IDP) to grant the NOC members federated access to the AWS Management Console via the AWS single sign-on (SSO) endpoint.

D. Use your on-premises SAML2.0-compliam identity provider (IDP) to retrieve temporary security credentials to enable NOC members to sign in to the AWS Management Console.

Correct Answer: C

Reference:
http://docs.aws.amazon.com/IAM/latest/UserGuide/id_roles_providers_enable-console-saml.html

NEW QUESTION 14:

In DynamoDB, to get a detailed listing of secondary indexes on a table, you can use the __ action.

A. BatchGetItem

B. TableName

C. DescribeTable

D. GetItem

Correct Answer: C

Explanation:
In DynamoDB, DescribeTable returns information about the table, including the current status of the table,
when it was created, the primary key schema, and any indexes on the table.

Reference:
http://docs.aws.amazon.com/amazondynamodb/latest/developerguide/SecondaryIndexes.html

NEW QUESTION 15:

A company is using multiple AWS accounts. The DNS records are stored in a private hosted zone for Amazon Route 53 in Account A. The company\’s applications and databases are running in Account B.

A solutions architect will deploy a two-tier application in a new VPC. To simplify the configuration, the db.example.com CNAME record set for the Amazon RDS endpoint was created in a private hosted zone for Amazon Route 53.

During deployment the application failed to start. Troubleshooting revealed that db.example.com is not resolvable on the Amazon EC2 instance. The solutions architect confirmed that the record set was created correctly in Route 53.

Which combination of steps should the solutions architect take to resolve this issue? (Choose two.)

A. Deploy the database on a separate EC2 instance in the new VPC. Create a record set for the instance\’s private IP in the private hosted zone.

B. Use SSH to connect to the application tier EC2 instance. Add an RDS endpoint IP address to the /etc/ resolv conf file.

C. Create an authorization to associate the private hosted zone in Account A with the new VPC in Account

D. Create a private hosted zone for the example com domain in Account B. Configure Route 53 replication between AWS accounts.

E. Associate a new VPC in Account B with a hosted zone in Account A. Delete the association authorization in Account A.

Correct Answer: BE

NEW QUESTION 16:

A user has created a VPC with a public subnet. The user has terminated all the instances which are part of the subnet.

Which of the below mentioned statements is true with respect to this scenario?

A. The subnet to which the instances were launched with will be deleted

B. When the user launches a new instance it cannot use the same subnet

C. The user cannot delete the VPC since the subnet is not deleted

D. Secondary network interfaces attached to the terminated instances may persist.

Correct Answer: D

Explanation: A Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) is a virtual network dedicated to the user\’s AWS account. A user can create a subnet with VPC and launch instances inside that subnet. When an instance is launched it will have a network interface attached with it. The user cannot delete the subnet until he terminates the instance and deletes the network interface. By default, network interfaces that are automatically created and attached to instances using the console are set to terminate when the instance terminates. However, network interfaces created using the command line interface aren\’t set to terminate when the instance terminates.

Reference:
http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/using-eni.html

NEW QUESTION 17:

A travel company built a web application that uses Amazon Simple Email Service (Amazon SES) to send email notifications to users. The company needs to enable logging to help troubleshoot email delivery issues. The company also needs the ability to do searches that are based on recipient, subject, and time sent.

Which combination of steps should a solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Choose two.)

A. Create an Amazon SES configuration set with Amazon Kinesis Data Firehose as the destination. Choose to send logs to an Amazon S3 bucket.

B. Enable AWS CloudTrail logging. Specify an Amazon S3 bucket as the destination for the logs.

C. Use Amazon Athena to query the logs in the Amazon S3 bucket for recipient, subject, and time sent.

D. Create an Amazon CloudWatch log group. Configure Amazon SES to send logs to the log group.

E. Use Amazon Athena to query the logs in Amazon CloudWatch for recipient, subject, and time sent.

Correct Answer: A

Reference https://docs.aws.amazon.com/ses/latest/DeveloperGuide/ses-dg.pdf

NEW QUESTION 18:

Your company is storing millions of sensitive transactions across thousands of 100-GB files that must be encrypted in transit and at rest. Analysts concurrently depend on subsets of files, which can consume up to 5 TB of space, to generate simulations that can be used to steer business decisions.

You are required to design an AWS solution that can cost effectively accommodate the long-term storage and in-flight subsets of data.

Which approach can satisfy these objectives?

A. Use Amazon Simple Storage Service (S3) with server-side encryption, and run simulations on subsets in ephemeral drives on Amazon EC2.

B. Use Amazon S3 with server-side encryption, and run simulations on subsets in-memory on Amazon EC2.

C. Use HDFS on Amazon EMR, and run simulations on subsets in ephemeral drives on Amazon EC2.

D. Use HDFS on Amazon Elastic MapReduce (EMR), and run simulations on subsets in-memory on Amazon Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2).

E. Store the full data set in encrypted Amazon Elastic Block Store (EBS) volumes, and regularly capture snapshots that can be cloned to EC2 workstations.

Correct Answer: D

NEW QUESTION 19:

A digital marketing company has multiple AWS accounts that belong to various teams. The creative team uses an Amazon S3 bucket in its AWS account to securely store images and media files that are used as content for the company\’s marketing campaigns. The creative team wants to share the S3 bucket with the strategy team so that the strategy team can view the objects.

A solutions architect has created an IAM role that is named strategy_reviewer in the Strategy account. The solutions architect also has set up a custom AWS Key Management Service (AWS KMS) key in the Creative account and has associated the key with the S3 bucket. However, when users from the Strategy account assume the IAM role and try to access objects in the S3 bucket, they receive an Access Denied error.

The solutions architect must ensure that users in the Strategy account can access the S3 bucket. The solution must provide these users with only the minimum permissions that they need.

Which combination of steps should the solutions architect take to meet these requirements? (Choose three.)

A. Create a bucket policy that includes read permissions for the S3 bucket. Set the principal of the bucket policy to the account ID of the Strategy account.

B. Update the strategy_reviewer IAM role to grant full permissions for the S3 bucket and to grant decrypt permissions for the custom KMS key.

C. Update the custom KMS key policy in the Creative account to grant decrypt permissions to the strategy_reviewer IAM role.

D. Create a bucket policy that includes read permissions for the S3 bucket. Set the principal of the bucket policy to an anonymous user.

E. Update the custom KMS key policy in the Creative account to grant encrypt permissions to the strategy_reviewer IAM role.

F. Update the strategy_reviewer IAM role to grant read permissions for the S3 bucket and to grant decrypt permissions for the custom KMS key.

Correct Answer: BDF

NEW QUESTION 20:

A 3-Ber e-commerce web application is currently deployed on-premises, and will be migrated to AWS for greater scalability and elasticity. The web tier currently shares read-only data using a network distributed file system. The app server tier uses a clustering mechanism for discovery and shared session state that depends on IP multicast. The database tier uses shared-storage clustering to provide database failover capability, and uses several read slaves for scaling. Data on all servers and the distributed file system directory is backed up weekly to off-site tapes.

Which AWS storage and database architecture meets the requirements of the application?

A. Web servers: store read-only data in S3, and copy from S3 to root volume at boot time. App servers: share state using a combination of DynamoDB and IP unicast. Database: use RDS with multi-AZ deployment and one or more read replicas. Backup: web servers, app servers, and database backed up weekly to Glacier using snapshots.

B. Web servers: store read-only data in an EC2 NFS server, mount to each web server at boot time. App
servers: share state using a combination of DynamoDB and IP multicast.
Database: use RDS with multi- AZ deployment and one or more Read Replicas. Backup: web and app
servers backed up weekly via AMIs, database backed up via DB snapshots.

C. Web servers: store read-only data in S3, and copy from S3 to root volume at boot time. App servers: share state using a combination of DynamoDB and IP unicast. Database: use RDS with multi-AZ deployment and one or more Read Replicas. Backup: web and app servers backed up weekly via AMIs, database backed up via DB snapshots.

D. Web servers: store read-only data in S3, and copy from S3 to root volume at boot time App servers: share state using a combination of DynamoDB and IP unicast. Database: use RDS with multi-AZ deployment. Backup: web and app servers backed up weekly via AMIs, database backed up via DB snapshots.

Correct Answer: A

Explanation:

Amazon Glacier doesn\’t suit all storage situations. Listed following are a few storage needs for which you
should consider other AWS storage options instead of Amazon Glacier.

Data that must be updated very frequently might be better served by a storage solution with lower read/
write latencies, such as Amazon EBS, Amazon RDS, Amazon DynamoDB, or relational databases running
on EC2.

Reference:
https://d0.awsstatic.com/whitepapers/Storage/AWS%20Storage%20Services%20Whitepaper-v9.pdf

NEW QUESTION 21:

A retail company has a custom .NET web application running on AWS that uses Microsoft SQL Server for the database.

The application servers maintain a user\’s session locally.

Which combination of architecture changes are needed to ensure all tiers of the solution are highly available? (Choose three.)

A. Refactor the application to store the user\’s session in Amazon ElastiCache. Use Application Load Balancers to distribute the load between application instances.

B. Set up the database to generate hourly snapshots using Amazon EBS. Configure an Amazon CloudWatch Events rule to launch a new database instance if the primary one fails.

C. Migrate the database to Amazon RDS for SQL Server. Configure the RDS instance to use a Multi-AZ deployment.

D. Move the .NET content to an Amazon S3 bucket. Configure the bucket for static website hosting.

E. Put the application instances in an Auto Scaling group. Configure the Auto Scaling group to create new instances if an instance becomes unhealthy.

F. Deploy Amazon CloudFront in front of the application tier. Configure CloudFront to serve content from healthy application instances only.

Correct Answer: BDE

NEW QUESTION 22:

A company is hosting a three-tier web application in an on-premises environment. Due to a recent surge in traffic that resulted in downtime and a significant financial impact, company management has ordered that the application be moved to AWS. The application is written in .NET and has a dependency on a MySQL database. A solutions architect must design a scalable and highly available solution to meet the demand of 200,000 daily users.

Which steps should the solutions architect take to design an appropriate solution?

A. Use AWS Elastic Beanstalk to create a new application with a web server environment and an Amazon RDS MySQL Multi-AZ DB instance. The environment should launch a Network Load Balancer (NLB) in front of an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group in multiple Availability Zones. Use an Amazon Route 53 alias record to route traffic from the company\’s domain to the NLB.

B. Use AWS CloudFormation to launch a stack containing an Application Load Balancer (ALB) in front of an Amazon EC2 Auto Scaling group spanning three Availability Zones. The stack should launch a Multi-AZ deployment of an Amazon Aurora MySQL DB cluster with a Retain deletion policy. Use an Amazon Route 53 alias record to route traffic from the company\’s domain to the ALB.

C. Use AWS Elastic Beanstalk to create an automatically scaling web server environment that spans two separate Regions with an Application Load Balancer (ALB) in each Region. Create a Multi-AZ deployment of an Amazon Aurora MySQL DB cluster with a cross-Region read replica. Use Amazon Route 53 with a geoproximity routing policy to route traffic between the two Regions.

D. Use AWS CloudFormation to launch a stack containing an Application Load Balancer (ALB) in front of an Amazon ECS cluster of Spot instances spanning three Availability Zones. The stack should launch an Amazon RDS MySQL DB instance with a Snapshot deletion policy. Use an Amazon Route 53 alias record to route traffic from the company\’s domain to the ALB.

Correct Answer: A

NEW QUESTION 23:

A company is planning to set up a REST API application on AWS. The application team wants to set up a new identity store on AWS The IT team does not want to maintain any infrastructure or servers for this deployment.

What is the MOST operationally efficient solution that meets these requirements?

A. Deploy the application as AWS Lambda functions. Set up Amazon API Gateway REST API endpoints for the application Create a Lambda function, and configure a Lambda authorizer

B. Deploy the application in AWS AppSync, and configure AWS Lambda resolvers Set up an Amazon Cognito user pool, and configure AWS AppSync to use the user pool for authorization

C. Deploy the application as AWS Lambda functions. Set up Amazon API Gateway REST API endpoints for the application Set up an Amazon Cognito user pool, and configure an Amazon Cognito authorizer

D. Deploy the application in Amazon Elastic Kubemetes Service (Amazon EKS) clusters. Set up an Application Load Balancer for the EKS pods Set up an Amazon Cognito user pool and service pod for authentication.

Correct Answer: C

NEW QUESTION 24:

An organization is purchasing licensed software. The software license can be registered only to a specific
MAC Address. The organization is going to host the software in the AWS environment.

How can the organization fulfil the license requirement as the MAC address changes every time an
instance is started/stopped/terminated?

A. It is not possible to have a fixed MAC address with AWS.

B. The organization should use VPC with the private subnet and configure the MAC address with that subnet.

C. The organization should use VPC with an elastic network interface which will have a fixed MAC Address.

D. The organization should use VPC since VPC allows to configure the MAC address for each EC2 instance.

Correct Answer: C

Explanation: A Virtual Private Cloud (VPC) is a virtual network dedicated to the user\’s AWS account. It enables the user to launch AWS resources into a virtual network that the user has defined. An Elastic Network Interface (ENI) is a virtual network interface that the user can attach to an instance in a VPC. An ENI can include attributes such as: a primary private IP address, one or more secondary private IP addresses, one elastic IP address per private IP address, one public IP address, one or more security groups, a MAC address, a source/destination check flag, and a description.

The user can create a network interface, attach it to an instance, detach it from an instance, and attach it to another instance. The attributes of a network interface follow the network interface as it is attached or detached from an instance and reattached to another instance. Thus, the user can maintain a fixed MAC using the network interface.

Reference:
http://docs.aws.amazon.com/AWSEC2/latest/UserGuide/using-eni.html

NEW QUESTION 25:

A retail company is operating its ecommerce application on AWS. The application runs on Amazon EC2 instances behind an Application Load Balancer (ALB). The company uses an Amazon RDS DB instance as the database backend. Amazon CloudFront is configured with one origin that points to the ALB. Static content is cached. Amazon Route 53 is used to host all public zones.

After an update of the application, the ALB occasionally returns a 502 status code (Bad Gateway) error. The root cause is malformed HTTP headers that are returned to the ALB. The webpage returns successfully when a solutions architect reloads the webpage immediately after the error occurs.

While the company is working on the problem, the solutions architect needs to provide a custom error page instead of the standard ALB error page to visitors.

Which combination of steps will meet this requirement with the LEAST amount of operational overhead? (Choose two.)

A. Create an Amazon S3 bucket. Configure the S3 bucket to host a static webpage. Upload the custom error pages to Amazon S3.

B. Create an Amazon CloudWatch alarm to invoke an AWS Lambda function if the ALB health check response Target FailedHealthChecks is greater than 0. Configure the Lambda function to modify the forwarding rule at the ALB to point to a publicly accessible web server.

C. Modify the existing Amazon Route 53 records by adding health checks. Configure a fallback target if the health check fails. Modify DNS records to point to a publicly accessible webpage.

D. Create an Amazon CloudWatch alarm to invoke an AWS Lambda function if the ALB health check response Elb.InternalError is greater than 0. Configure the Lambda function to modify the forwarding rule at the ALB to point to a public accessible web server.

E. Add a custom error response by configuring a CloudFront custom error page. Modify DNS records to point to a publicly accessible web page.

Correct Answer: DE


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